M. F. Husain
Maqbool Fida Husain or Husain as he is more popularly known was an artist of Indian origin born at Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India on September 17, 1915, he passed away in London on June 9, 2011. In his lifeteime Husain had become an icon of international repute in the art world and his paintings are regularly auctioned through international auction houses such as Christie’s, Sotheby’s, & Bonham’s among others. Husain had become a photogenic icon, and the newspapers loved him. The stuffy Calcutta Club was pilloried when it refused admission to a barefoot Husain on the grounds that he violated their dress code.
He was nominated to the upper house of the Indian Parliament, the Rajya Sabha in 1987; and during his 6 year term he produced the Sansad Portfolio.
In 1966 Husain was awarded the ‘Padmashri’ by the Government of India. In the following year he made his first film, ‘Through the Eyes of a Painter’. It was shown at the Berlin Festival and won a Golden Bear.
India's most controversial and most loved  M. F. Husain is one of the few artists who enjoy multifarious range of occupations interests and passions. His love for Indian music, movies, jewelry, tapestries, photography and literature is well known. Besides being one of the most popular Indian painter, he has made international award winning films and created beautiful designs in tapestry, jewelry and toys. His autobiography ‘Pandhapur ka ek Ladka’ is a master piece written in Hindi.
A self-taught artist, Husain learnt the art of calligraphy at an early age and practiced the Kulfic khat with its geometric forms. He also learnt to write poetry while staying with an uncle in a madrasa in Baroda, an art that has stayed with him through his life. His early education was perfunctory but Husain's love of drawing was evident even at this stage. Whenever he got a chance he would strap his painting gear to his bicycle and drive out to the surrounding countryside of Indore to paint the landscape. In 1937 he reached Mumbai determined to become an artist, with hardly any money and lived m a cheap room in a by lane inhabited by pimps and prostitutes. Initially Husain apprenticed himself to a painter of cinema hoardings which he would paint with great dexterity perched on scaffolding sometimes in the middle of traffic.
Husain was noticed for the first time in 1947 when he won an award at the annual exhibition of the Bombay Art Society. Subsequently he was invited by Souza to join the Progressive Artist's Group. A great deal of experimentation in the early years led to some remarkable works such as The Spider And The Lamp and Zameen and Man. By 1955 he was one of the leading artists in India and was a special invitee along with Pablo Picasso at the Sao Paulo Biennial in 1971. Along with several solo exhibitions he had major retrospectives in Mumbai in 1969, in Calcutta in 1973 and in Delhi in 1978. He has participated in many international shows which include Contemporary Indian Art, Royal Academy of Arts, London 1982; Six Indian Painters, Tate Gallery, London 1985; Modem Indian Painting, Hirschhom Museum, Washington 1986 and Contemporary Indian Art, Grey Art Gallery, New York 1986.
In 1967 he won the Golden Bear at the International Film Festival at Berlin for his documentary Through the Eyes of a Painter and has made several short films since then. Husain was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1973, the Padma Vibhushan in 1989 and was nominated to the Rajya Sabha in 1986. One of the most charismatic artists in India today, he is known for his emphatic understanding of the human situation and his speedy evocation of it in paint. The early evolution of his painterly language was overtaken by adventurous forays into installations and performance art. His experimentations with new forms of art are both unexpected and pioneering.
Husain had studios in several cities in but lived mainly in Mumbai and later in Dubai.

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